Phenotypic and Genotypic Characteristics

Phenotypic characters include the characters and property of cells, behaviors of the biological system. The phenotypic assay is accomplished in 96 well Petri plates.the study of phenotypic characters helps one to study the cell transformation, microscopic and macroscopic morphology. Using the phenotypic characters bacterial identification and microbial ecology are done.microbial metabolomics is integrated component of biology. Recent advancements in metabolomics are the analysis of metabolome. The phenotypic classification system of gram stain bacteria includes both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria.some factors influencing phenotypic characters include changing environment, radiation, toxins, mutagens, bacteriophages etc. Some phenotypic changes include antigenic variations, competence in Bacillus subtilis, endospore in Bacillus subtilis, colicin production in E.coli, the persistence of antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus and phenotypes due to mutation.Genotypic characters have application in bacterial identification and classification by genotypic methods which involve genetic materials DNA and RNA. Species-specific hybridization  is a technique which involves DNA-DNA  hybridization and thermal stability hybrids are used in differentiating species.some of the genotypic methods include amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis,16s and 23s rDNA sequencing, strain-specific typing, pulse field gel electrophoresis, randomly amplified polymorphic DNA assay,amplified fragment length polymorphism, ribotyping, Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and finally protein-based methods.


  • Track 1-1 Phenotypic Analysis
  • Track 2-2 Cellular phenotype
  • Track 3-3 Phenotypic Microarray
  • Track 4-4 Metabolomics
  • Track 5-5 Characteristics of Cell
  • Track 6-6 Cell Property
  • Track 7-7 Molecular Phenotype
  • Track 8-8 Cell Growth Phenotype
  • Track 9-9 Suppressor Mutation
  • Track 10-10 Microscopic and Macroscopic Morphology
  • Track 11-11 Genetic Similarities
  • Track 12-12 Comparison of Gene
  • Track 13-13 Homologous
  • Track 14-14 Rt-Pcr, Rapd-Pcr
  • Track 15-15 Nucleic Acid Probes
  • Track 16-16 Plasmid Finger Printing
  • Track 17-17 Genomic Sequence
  • Track 18-18 Mendelian Inheritance

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